Bhopal a city of considerable beauty, split by a pair of lakes, Bhopal is two cities within a city. Two starkly contrasting cityscapes, towards the north the old city, a fascinating area of mosques, serpentine alleys, chowks, milling crowds, exotic havelis, monuments and crowded bazaars and on the south the new Bhopal, modern, with wide roads, upmarket shopping complexes, which overlook the lakes and the old city beyond. This place a true paradise for historians, archaeologists, art & architecture patrons and off-course, curious travellers, dotted with ancient monuments, historical palaces, religious shrines and numerous museums that speak out the tales of bygone times, while needless to say, the city is a treasure trove of historical and archaeological sites, The Bhopal city was established by Dost Mohammad Khan (1672–1728), a Pashtun soldier in the Mughal army. Bhopal became a princely state after signing a treaty with the British East India Company in 1818. Interestingly between 1819 and 1926, the state was ruled by four women, Begums of Bhopal. There are many places in Bhopal that are with unique heritage value and historical importance. Taj-ul-Masajid also Known as the ‘The Crown of Mosques’, a gorgeous mosque which was built by Bhopal’s third female ruler, Shah Jahan Begum, who wanted to create the largest mosque in the world. ‘Gohar Mahal’ is yet another of the best places to see in Bhopal. Standing tall as a testimony to the cultural legacy of this royal city, it is actually a beautiful mansion built in the form of a palace, representing an excellent blend of Indo-Islamic architecture. This magnificent palace is named after the first woman ruler of Bhopal, Qudisiya Begum, also popularly known as Gohar Begum. Shaukat Mahal built in 19th century during the reign of Sikander Begum, daughter of Gohar Begum, the mahal is famous for its distinctive design that showcases a unique blend of Indo-Islamic and European styles of architecture.